He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, a 2 who gives witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ by reporting what he saw. "R. Joseph taught, do not read "my sanctuary", but "sanctified ones", these are the children of men who confirm "the whole law", , "from Aleph to Tau"; the same as from Alpha to Omega, or from one end to the other: and a little after. There is none that comes before, neither any that comes after. If any one finds the end a cause of vexation, let him only lose himself in the beginning; let him dive into the word, "Before the mountains were brought forth, etc." In some also God is wanting after the Lord; a reading which has proceeded from the idea, that the person who speaks in the verse could be no other than Christ, to whom the title, the Lord God, is not applied. His glory is the goal. 5. Revelation 22:13, we have the whole three, Alpha and Omega, first and last, beginning and end. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) Revelation 1:4-8 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This book opens with the Greek words, Apokalypsis Iesou Christou (The revelation of Jesus Christ). I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, who is, and who was, and comes, the Almighty. 1952. Cf. יהוה is the same precisely as ὁ ἐρχόμενος καὶ ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-1.html. On the white horse was a rider holding a bow. 1879-90. The Almighty - An appellation often applied to God, meaning that he has all power, and used here to denote that he is able to accomplish what is disclosed in this book. Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario (Oregon) teaches through the Bible from the book of Revelation. The speaker is not Christ, but neither is it God the Father in contrast to Christ (against this decides, besides the relation to Revelation 1:7, the circumstance of the Alpha and the Omega being also attributed to Christ), but God in the undivided oneness of his being, without respect to the difference of persons. Revelation 4:8; and afterwards, ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν; and finally, ὁ ὤν. κατἡγωρ, κατηγορῶν. "The Bible Study New Testament". BibliographySchaff, Philip. Revelation 1:8. not be absolutely certain that the writer meant to refer to the Lord Jesus specifically here, this cannot be adduced with propriety as a proof-text to demonstrate his divinity. This same phrase is used of God the Father in Revelation 1:4; and is a further proof of the deity of Christ; and which is still more confirmed by the following character. "Almighty" used singly, or in conjunction with other names, occurs about sixty times, half of these instances in the ancient book of Job. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-1.html. אהיה of the first person might have appeared suitable there, where the Lord is speaking of Himself, and יהוה of the third person, where angels and men are the speakers. For the epithet ὁ παντοκρά τωρ is never put, without either θεὸ ς or Jehovah immediately preceding. See Revelation 1:4. We lately quoted the passage, Exodus 3:15. He is the originator and terminator of all things. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Alpha and omega are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet and signify here God"s comprehensive control over all things including time. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, said the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. In chapter 1 of Zechariah these horses … Again, the beginning and end of a thing is, in Scripture, styled the whole thing. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". when all things shall be made subject unto the Son of God, then shall the Son also Himself be subject unto Him that made all things subject unto Him, that God may be all in all: á½ á½¢Î½ ÎºÎ±á½¶ á½ á¼¦Î½ ÎºÎ±á½¶ á½ á¼ÏÏÏÎ¼ÎµÎ½Î¿Ï, Jehovah of Sabaoth, God of Sabaoth, Jehovah God of Sabaoth, I will bring forth Mine armies, My people, the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt, All the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt, á½ ÎÏÏÎ¹Î¿Ï á½ ÎÎµá½¸Ï á½ ÏÎ±Î½ÏÎ¿ÎºÏÎ¬ÏÏÏ, á½ á½¢Î½ ÎºÎ±á½¶ á½ á¼¦Î½ ÎºÎ±á½¶ á½ á¼ÏÏÏÎ¼ÎµÎ½Î¿Ï, á½ á¼¦Î½ ÎºÎ±á½¶ á½ á½¢Î½ ÎºÎ±á½¶ á½ á¼ÏÏÏÎ¼ÎµÎ½Î¿Ï, Îµá½Î¸á½ºÏ Ïá½¸ á¼ÏÏÎ±Î¹ ÎºÎ±á½¶ Ïá½¸ Î¼ÎÎ»Î»ÎµÎ±, I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. The omnipotent one will surely implement what His prophet has predicted by way of future judgment." The beginning and the ending. The Introductory section is followed by a narrative, Revelation 1:9-20, telling how John had received from Christ the commission to write to the seven churches, and containing an extended representation of the appearance of Christ, which was admirably fitted to prepare the minds of men for the contents of the epistles—to dispose sinners to repentance, and to kindle hope in the bosoms of the desponding. Revelation 1:8 KJV I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". John was fully convinced that Christ would triumph over the forces of Satan and his work… render the epithet variously, but most commonly use παντοκρά τωπ, ὁ κύ ριος, ὁ θεὸ ς, ὁ παντοκρά τως. 52. The beginning is the surety for the end. Accomplishing finally what I begin. He does not say, I will be what I was, I will be what I am; but אהיה אשר אהיה, I will be what I will be: where there is implied the declaration of a benefit to be almost immediately bestowed. Almighty App-98. See note to verse Revelation 1:4. The one, “who is, and who was and who is to come” is clearly identified from the context. Used only once outside of Revelation, in 2 Corinthians 6:18, where it is a quotation. For, then there would be no truth in the thought, that the personal existence preserves even the enemies by whom the church is brought into distress; and there could be derived from it nothing but a very small degree of consolatory power. Our call is to be blessed so the character qualities we receive from the Spirit come from the inward love we have for our Lord and we will desire to spill them upon others around us (Psalm 1). The Verb אהיה becomes a Noun, as ὁ ἦν, the Article being prefixed: and ὁ ἦν itself is a befitting phrase, as in Aristotle, εὐθὺς τὸ ἔσται καὶ τὸ μέλλεα, ἕτερον, l. ii. Felix, Oct. 7, “pleni et mixti deo uates futura praecerpunt, dant cautelam periculis, morbis medelam, spem afflictis, operam miseris, solacium calamitatibus, laboribus leuamentum”. 2. Baal Hatturim in Deuteronomy 33.21. BibliographyKnollys, Hanserd. The eternal past is His; and His is the eternal future. Spiritual Meaning of REVELATION 1:4 previous - next - text - summary - Revelation - BM Home - Full Page. How large and excellent! God confirmed the preceding forecast with a solemn affirmation of His eternity and omnipotence. Compare Isaiah 44:6. § 20. KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. "E.W. § 26. Revelation 13 is the thirteenth chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. Alpha is the first letter in the Greek Alphabet, and Omega the last. Public Domain. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. And thus the meaning of the future prevailed in אהיה, including both a recapitulation of the revelations and promises of God, which had been given to the fathers, and a declaration of the event now to be exhibited, by the bringing the people out of Egypt. Thus in this verse, omnipotency, eternity, and immutability, are all applied to God, and particularly predicated of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 147, says, “Adam transgressed the whole law, from Aleph to Tov.”. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/revelation-1.html. Bibliography"Commentary on Revelation 1:8". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". All things are in His hands. Prologue. Which is, and which was, ... - See the notes on Revelation 1:4. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". ‘I am the Alpha and the Omega,’ says the Lord God, ‘who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.’. Wisdom beyond that of all Greek philosophy is in Him; "in Him are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.". It may now be asked, in what respect God is here called the Alpha and the Omega? God is living with his people. He is "the Alpha and the Omega;" and as these letters form the beginning and ending of the Greek alphabet, we suppose they are meant to denote all that can be contained in the language of man. What more could you ask or need than this? & Raziel, fol. Romans 9:5. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. 1 The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Let’s dig into the book of Revelation. 1. Revelation 1:1 - 8 April 26, 2020. "God, as the old tradition declares, holding in His hand the beginning, middle, and end of all that is" (Plato, "Laws," 715). Besides, a portion of the language used here, “which is, and was, and is to come,” is what would more naturally suggest a reference to God as such, than to the Lord Jesus Christ. For here we have the "long-suffering" and the "salvation" of which Paul and James and Peter speak in their epistles—"The Lord is very pitiful and of tender mercy;" "not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance;" "who will have all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. § 22. Alpha and Omega = The Alpha and the Omega. & Bartenora in ib. These, the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, signify the same as what follows, the beginning, and the end, the first cause and last end of all intelligent beings, who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty: These words agree only to him, who is the true God, and here are applied to our blessed Redeemer, who is to come and judge all. It is fitted to win us. 2013. 1 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God a gave him b to show to his servants 1 the things that must soon take place. It is a peculiar declaration of the eternity and infinity of the Christ of God—a declaration specially suited to the present book, as unfolding the ages yet to come, in which this glorious One is to be all in all. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". The LXX. Elsewhere in the Septuagint παντοκράτωρ always stands for “Sabaoth.” So in the Athanasian Creed, “Almighty” is coupled with the Divine names “God” and “Lord,” not with the Divine attributes “eternal, incomprehensible, uncreated.”.